Krishna District used to be one of the oldest British administered areas of Andhra
Pradesh. The district was formed in 1759. It was formerly called Machilipatnam District
and in 1759 when the then Guntur District was abolished, certain Taluks (regions)
were added to this District which was renamed as Krishna District, after the mighty
river Krishna. The District is headquartered at Machilipatnam.
Krishna district is centrally located in coastal Andhra Pradesh and well connected by Rail, Road and Air.
The Telugu Dialect of this region is often considered to be standard dialect of
The world famous Kuchipudi dance form originated from this district.
The district is divided into upland and coastal area. Kolleru Lake, one of India's
most ecologically significant wetlands, lies partly within the district.
Vijayawada translates to mean "place of victory". According to the legends,
Arjuna performed penance on these hills to appease Lord Shiva, who appeared before
him and bestowed him with the prized weapon 'Pasupathasthra'. Also Goddess Durga
is believed to have rested here after slaying the wicked demon Mahishasura in a
fierce battle. The famous Kanaka Durga shrine located on top of the hills and overlooking
river Krishna, is thronged by hundreds of devotees daily.
Prakasam Barrage at Vijayawada across Krishna River was constructed in 1957 with
Rs. 3.57 crores. It caters the needs of Agriculture in Krishna, Guntur and West
The chief rivers of the district are the Krishna (length 1,280 km), Muniyeru
(Muneru), the Tammileru and Budameru. Krishna river debouches in to the Bay of Bengal
at Hamsala Divi and Nachugunta in this district. The district contains small hillstreams
viz., Jayanthi, Kattaleru, Ippalavagu, Upputeru, Telleru, Ballaleru, Nadimeyeru
Krishna district has Vijayawada ,Machilipatnam and Eluru (Partly) parliamentary
Krishna district has 16 constituencies namely Tiruvuru (SC), Nandigama (SC), Mylavaram,
Jaggayyapeta, Vijayawada (West), Vijayawada (Central), Vijayawada (East), Penamaluru,
Nuzvid, Gannavaram, Pedana, Gudivada, Kaikaluru, Machilipatnam, Avanigadda, Pamarru
Krishna district has 4 Revenue Divisions, 50 Mandals, 1 Municipal Corporation (Vijayawda
Municipal Corporation), 5 Municipalities.
The Bus complex (PNBS-Pandit Nehru Bus Station) at Vijayawada is one of the biggest
The Railway station at Vijayawada is the 2nd Busiest Junction in India. More than
200 trains pass by/originate/terminate at this railway station.
Airport is located at Gannavaram which is 16 km north east of Vijayawada connecting
the city to Hyderabad, Chennai, Bangalore, Rajahmundry.
Four national highways pass through the district
- NH-5 Chennai to Kolkata
- NH-9 Pune to Machilipatnam
- NH-221 Vijayawada to Jagdalpur
- NH-214 Kathipudi to Ongole
A number of stalwarts in film industry and sports zone hail from Krishna district.
Krishna district is the symbol of cultural heritage of Telugu people.